Turkey-EU Assembly Reveals Tensions


Acrimony dominated a high-level Turkish-European Union assembly as each side exchanged barbs in Ankara at a gathering that was anticipated to be an indication of bettering bilateral ties.

The “Excessive-Stage Political Dialogue Assembly” was reconvened for the primary time in 18 months.

EU overseas affairs commissioner, Federica Mogherini, accompanied by Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn, sat down for talks Thursday with Turkish International Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu.

However simmering tensions between Ankara and Brussels got here to the fore. “A robust Turkey means a democratic Turkey,” Mogherini mentioned on the joint information convention with Hahn and Cavusoglu.

“We expressed our robust issues in regards to the detention of a number of distinguished lecturers and civil society representatives, together with these lately detained,” Mogherini added.

Final Friday 13 distinguished lecturers and civil society figures had been detained in reference to the 2016 nationwide anti-government protests often called the Gezi motion.

Mogherini prompted additional Turkish angst, calling for this month’s European Courtroom ruling to launch from jail Selahattin Demirtas to be revered. Demirtas is a former chief of the politically pro-Kurdish HDP and has been jailed for greater than 18 months on terrorism costs.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan dismissed the European courtroom ruling saying Turkey is “not certain” by the choice, though it’s a member of the courtroom.

Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, talks to MPs of his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) after delivering a speech at the parliament in Ankara, Turkey, Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2018.

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, talks to MPs of his ruling Justice and Improvement Occasion (AKP) after delivering a speech on the parliament in Ankara, Turkey, Tuesday, Nov. 20, 2018.

Cavusoglu hit again in opposition to EU commissioners who condemned Turkey’s lack of progress to affix the union.

“There is no use in making statements that exclude Turkey from the EU accession course of or denying its candidacy,” he mentioned.

Ankara’s EU membership bid has been frozen for greater than a decade by members who oppose it, saying it isn’t European or due to concern over the deterioration of human rights, and different causes.

Analyst Atilla Yesilada of World Supply Companions, suggests Thursday’s robust language by EU commissioners underlines Brussels’ method to Turkey.

“I feel in contrast to the US, the place there’s a loud and inconclusive debate on what to do with Turkey, carrot or stick,” he mentioned, “The Europeans have lengthy determined to maintain Erdogan at arm’s size, be good to him, however do not give him something and I do not assume that’s going to alter.”

Areas of frequent floor had been mentioned, specializing in opposition to Washington’s new Iranian sanctions, the Syrian civil struggle, and the refugee scenario in Turkey.

Turkey hosts greater than three million Syrian refugees, and since a 2016 EU settlement, Ankara has been instrumental in ending an exodus of migrants into Europe.

Analysts say Erdogan reminds Brussels about Turkey’s significance in stopping Syrian regime forces from overrunning the final insurgent stronghold in Idlib.

“A diplomatic victory that we must always credit score to Mr. Erdogan, he has efficiently constructed a coalition to defend Idlib in opposition to Assad assault,” mentioned Yesilada.

Ankara’s rising regional significance has created the premise of a brand new relationship with Brussels. “That is truly outlined as a transactional relationship, which allows protecting dialogue and cooperation occurring problems with strategic significance to each,” wrote columnist Barcin Yinanc Thursday within the Hurriyet Each day Information.

Cavusolgu additionally vented frustration with Brussels over the refugee deal. “We made an settlement for migration. In that settlement we agreed to open 5 chapters (EU membership chapters), then a choice comes out in opposition to opening new chapters. That is hypocrisy, there is not any clarification for this,” he mentioned, referring to the 2016 migration settlement.

Ankara maintains a part of the refugee deal included in a Brussel’s dedication to expedite Turkey’s membership utility with the unblocking of a few of 35 membership chapters wanted to be accomplished.

Ankara routinely threatens to finish the migration deal in disputes with Brussels, however analysts recommend Turkey is just not the menace to Europe it as soon as was.

“I do not assume Turkey can unleash the refugees. These days are over, because of Hungary, Slovenia, closing their borders to refugees, they won’t attain the core of Europe,” mentioned Yesilada.

However he says Brussels has an curiosity in Turkey’s stability given the financial and monetary challenges dealing with the nation.

Continued dialogue between Brussels and Ankara is seen by some as vital in mitigating the present human rights crackdown in Turkey.

“There are a handful of (Turkish) officers who imagine there may be nonetheless room, even when very small, to register some enchancment (in human rights),” wrote columnist Yinanc. “Even altering one little sentence in a draft regulation can at the least restrict the harm on rights violations and even that is a vital enchancment within the present suffocating circumstances, they in all probability assume,” she continued.

Analyst Yesilada claims final week’s arrest of lecturers and civil rights figures reveals the European Union nonetheless has a constructive impact.

“It’s a must to bear in mind 12 of the 13 arrested have been launched inside 24 hours. Had it not been for the EU stress, all these lecturers would have been stored in jail for a really lengthy whereas.”

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